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Vietnam tana faɗaɗa fitar da samfuran filastik zuwa EU

Enlarged font  Narrow font Release date:2021-09-07  Browse number:584
Note: Cibiyar Ciniki ta Duniya ta yi nuni da cewa a halin yanzu, kayayyakin filastik na EU suna da fa'ida a cikin kayayyakin da aka shigo da su, amma saboda (waɗannan samfuran da aka shigo da su) ba sa ƙarƙashin ayyukan zubar da shara (4% zuwa 30%), samfur

Kwanan nan, bayanan hukuma sun nuna cewa a tsakanin fitar da kayayyakin filayen Vietnam, fitarwa zuwa EU ya kai kashi 18.2% na jimlar fitarwa. Dangane da binciken, Yarjejeniyar Ciniki ta EU-Vietnam (EVFTA), wacce ta fara aiki a watan Agustan bara, ta kawo sabbin damar inganta fitar da kayayyaki da saka hannun jari a bangaren robobi.

Dangane da kididdiga daga Babban Hukumar Kwastam na Vietnam, a cikin 'yan shekarun nan, fitar da filastik na Vietnam ya yi girma a matsakaicin adadin shekara -shekara na 14% zuwa 15%, kuma akwai kasuwannin fitarwa sama da 150. Cibiyar Ciniki ta Duniya ta yi nuni da cewa a halin yanzu, kayayyakin filastik na EU suna da fa'ida a cikin kayayyakin da aka shigo da su, amma saboda (waɗannan samfuran da aka shigo da su) ba sa ƙarƙashin ayyukan zubar da shara (4% zuwa 30%), samfuran fakitin filastik na Vietnam sun fi na Thailand, Kayayyakin wasu ƙasashe kamar China sun fi gasa.

A cikin 2019, Vietnam ta shiga cikin manyan masu samar da filastik 10 a wajen yankin EU. A cikin wannan shekarar, shigo da kayayyakin filastik na EU daga Vietnam ya kai Euro miliyan 930.6, wanda ya karu da kashi 5.2% a shekara, wanda ya kai kashi 0.4% na jimlar shigo da kayayyakin filastik na EU. Babban wuraren shigo da kayayyakin filastik na EU shine Jamus, Faransa, Italiya, Ingila da Belgium.

Ofishin Tarayyar Turai da Amurka na Ma'aikatar Masana'antu da Ciniki na Vietnam ya bayyana cewa a daidai lokacin da EVFTA ta fara aiki a watan Agusta 2020, ƙimar harajin asali (6.5%) da aka ɗora akan yawancin samfuran filastik na Vietnam an rage zuwa sifili, kuma ba a aiwatar da tsarin adadin jadawalin kuɗin fito ba. Don jin daɗin zaɓin jadawalin kuɗin fito, masu fitar da kayan Vietnamese dole ne su bi ƙa'idodin ƙa'idodin EU, amma ƙa'idodin asalin da suka dace da robobi da samfuran filastik suna da sassauci, kuma masana'antun na iya amfani da kusan kashi 50% na kayan ba tare da bayar da takardar shaidar asali ba. Kamar yadda kamfanonin filastik na cikin gida na Vietnam har yanzu suna dogaro da shigo da kayayyaki don kayan da ake amfani da su, ƙa'idodin sassauƙa da aka ambata a sama za su sauƙaƙe fitar da samfuran filastik zuwa EU. A halin yanzu, samar da kayan cikin gida na Vietnam kawai yana lissafin kashi 15% zuwa 30% na buƙatarsa.Saboda haka, masana'antun robobi na Vietnamese dole ne su shigo da miliyoyin tan na PE (polyethylene), PP (polypropylene) da PS (polystyrene) da sauran kayan.

Ofishin ya kuma bayyana cewa amfani da EU na PET (polyethylene terephthalate) fakitin filastik yana fadada, wanda hakan rashi ne ga masana'antar robobi na Vietnam. Wannan saboda samfuran kwantena da aka yi da robobi na al'ada har yanzu suna da babban adadin fitarwa.

Koyaya, wani mai fitar da kayayyakin filastik ya ce wasu kamfanonin cikin gida sun fara kera PET kuma suna shirin fitarwa zuwa manyan kasuwanni ciki har da Tarayyar Turai. Idan zai iya cika tsauraran buƙatun fasaha na masu shigo da kaya daga Turai, ana iya fitar da filastik ɗin injiniya mai ƙima sosai ga EU.
 
 
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