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IVietnam yandisa ukuthunyelwa kweemveliso zeplastiki kwi-EU

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Note: IZiko lezoRhwebo leHlabathi libonakalise ukuba okwangoku, iimveliso zeplastiki ze-EU zinethuba kwimveliso engeniswa elizweni, kodwa ngenxa yokuba (ezi mveliso zingenisiweyo) azikho phantsi kwemisebenzi yokulwa nokulahlwa kwenkunkuma (i-4% ukuya kwi-30%),

Kutshanje, idatha esemthethweni ibonise ukuba phakathi kweemveliso zeplastikhi zaseVietnam ezithunyelwa ngaphandle, ukuthunyelwa kwelinye ilizwe kwi-EU kubalwa i-18.2% yokuthumela ngaphandle ngokupheleleyo. Ngokutsho kohlalutyo, isiVumelwano soRhwebo oluSimahla lwe-EU-Vietnam (i-EVFTA), esiqale ukusebenza ngeyeThupha kunyaka ophelileyo, sizise amathuba amatsha okukhuthaza ukuthunyelwa kwelinye ilizwe kunye notyalo-mali kwicandelo leplastikhi.

Ngokwezibalo ezivela kuLawulo Jikelele lweeMveli zaseVietnam, kule minyaka idlulileyo, ukuthunyelwa kweplastiki eVietnam kukhule ngomyinge we-14% ukuya kwi-15% ngonyaka, kwaye kukho iimarike ezingaphezulu kwe-150 ezithunyelwa ngaphandle. IZiko lezoRhwebo leHlabathi libonakalise ukuba okwangoku, iimveliso zeplastiki ze-EU zinethuba kwimveliso engeniswa elizweni, kodwa ngenxa yokuba (ezi mveliso zingenisiweyo) azikho phantsi kwemisebenzi yokulwa nokulahlwa kwenkunkuma (i-4% ukuya kwi-30%), iimveliso zeplastikhi zaseVietnam zingcono kun ezo zeThailand, Iimveliso ezivela kwamanye amazwe afana neChina zikhuphisana ngakumbi.

Ngo-2019, iVietnam yangena kubaboneleli ngeplastiki abaphezulu abali-10 ngaphandle kwengingqi ye-EU. Kwakuloo nyaka, ukungeniswa kwe-EU kwiimveliso zeplastiki ezivela eVietnam kwafikelela kwi-930.6 yezigidi ze-euro, ukonyuka kwe-5.2% ngonyaka-ngonyaka, kubalwa i-0.4% ye-EU iyonke engenisa iimveliso zeplastiki. Iindawo zokungenisa eziphambili zeemveliso zeplastiki ze-EU yiJamani, iFrance, i-Itali, iUnited Kingdom neBelgium.

I-European and American Marketing Bureau of the Ministry of Industry and Commerce of Vietnam yathi ngaxeshanye i-EVFTA iqale ukusebenza ngoAgasti 2020, i-basic rate rate (6.5%) ehlawuliswe kwimveliso zeplastikhi zaseVietnam iye yehliswa yaya kutsho ku-zero, kwaye inkqubo yesabelo sentlawulo ayisetyenziswa. Ukuze ukonwabele ukukhethwa kwerhafu, abathumeli kwelinye ilizwe baseVietnam kufuneka bathobele imigaqo yemvelaphi ye-EU, kodwa imigaqo yemvelaphi esebenzayo kwiiplastikhi kunye neemveliso zeplastiki ziyaguquguquka, kwaye abavelisi banokusebenzisa ukuya kuthi ga kwiipesenti ezingama-50 zezinto ngaphandle kokubonelela ngesiqinisekiso semvelaphi. Njengoko iinkampani zeplastikhi zasekhaya zaseVietnam zisaxhomekeke ekungenisweni kwezinto ezisetyenzisiweyo, le mithetho ikhankanywe apha ngasentla iya kuguqula ukuthunyelwa kweemveliso zeplastiki kwi-EU. Okwangoku, izinto zasekhaya zaseVietnam zibonelela kuphela nge-15% ukuya kwi-30% yemfuno yayo.Ngoko ke, umzi mveliso weplastikhi waseVietnam kufuneka ungenise izigidi zeetoni ze-PE (polyethylene), PP (polypropylene) kunye nePS (polystyrene) kunye nezinye izinto.

Iziko liphinde lathi ukusetyenziswa kwe-EU kwePET (i-polyethylene terephthalate) yeplastikhi iyanda, nto leyo engalunganga kushishino lweeplastiki zaseVietnam. Kungenxa yokuba iimveliso zayo zokupakisha ezenziwe ngeplastikhi yesiqhelo zisenza isixa esikhulu senxalenye yokuthumela ngaphandle.

Nangona kunjalo, umthengisi kumazwe angaphandle weemveliso zeplastikhi uthe ezinye iinkampani zasekhaya sele ziqalisile ukuvelisa i-PET kwaye zilungiselela ukuthumela kumazwe angaphandle kwiimarike ezinkulu kubandakanya ne-European Union. Ukuba iyakwazi ukuhlangabezana neemfuno ezingqongqo zobuchwephesha zabangenisi baseYurophu, iiplastikhi zobunjineli ezixabiseke kakhulu zinokuthunyelwa kwi-EU.
 
 
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