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Zeziphi ezona zinto ziphambili kutyalo-mali lwase-Egypt kule minyaka idlulileyo?

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Note: I-Egypt ijikeleze la mazwekazi mabini e-Asiya nase-Afrika, ejonge i-Europe kunqumla uLwandle lweMeditera emantla, kwaye edibanisa ne-hinterland yelizwekazi lase-Afrika kumzantsi-ntshona.

Izibonelelo zotyalo-mali zase-Egypt zezi zilandelayo:

Inye yindawo ekhethekileyo yokufumana indawo. I-Egypt ijikeleze la mazwekazi mabini e-Asiya nase-Afrika, ejonge i-Europe kunqumla uLwandle lweMeditera emantla, kwaye edibanisa ne-hinterland yelizwekazi lase-Afrika kumzantsi-ntshona. I-Suez Canal yindlela yokuhambisa ngenqanawa edibanisa iYurophu neAsia, kwaye indawo yayo ebaluleke kakhulu ibaluleke kakhulu. I-Egypt ikwanazo neendlela zokuhambisa kunye nezothutho lomoya oludibanisa iYurophu, iAsia, neAfrika, kunye nenethiwekhi yothutho lomhlaba edibanisa amazwe angabamelwane aseAfrika, ngokuhamba ngokukuko kunye nendawo ephezulu.

Eyesibini yimeko yorhwebo yamazwe aphakamileyo. I-Egypt yajoyina uMbutho wezoRhwebo weHlabathi ngo-1995 kwaye yathatha inxaxheba kwizivumelwano zorhwebo nezamazwe amabini ezahlukeneyo. Okwangoku, izivumelwano zorhwebo zengingqi ezihlanganisiweyo ikakhulu zibandakanya: Isivumelwano sobambiswano se-Egypt-EU, Isivumelwano seNdawo eNkulu yeArabhu yezoRhwebo, isiVumelwano seNdawo yoRhwebo oluSimahla e-Afrika, (US, Egypt, Israel) isiVumelwano seNdawo yezoShishino esineMfanelo, iMarike eQhelekileyo eMpuma naseMzantsi Afrika. , Egypt-Turkey Izivumelwano zorhwebo zasimahla, njl. Ngokwezi zivumelwano, uninzi lweemveliso zase-Egypt zithunyelwa kumazwe akummandla wesivumelwano ukonwabela umgaqo-nkqubo worhwebo olukhululekileyo lweerhafu.

Okwesithathu ngabasebenzi aboneleyo. Ukusukela ngoMeyi 2020, i-Egypt inabemi abangaphezulu kwezigidi ezili-100, isenza elona lizwe linabemi abaninzi ku-Mbindi Mpuma kunye nelizwe lesithathu elinabantu abaninzi e-Afrika.Inezixhobo ezininzi zabasebenzi.Ubemi abangaphantsi kweminyaka engama-25 benza ama-52.4. % (KaJuni 2017) kwaye abasebenzi zizigidi ezingama-28.95 (ngoDisemba 2019). Abasebenzi base-Egypt abasezantsi kunye nabasebenzi abaphezulu bahlala kunye, kwaye inqanaba lomvuzo lilonke likhuphisana kakhulu kuMbindi Mpuma nakunxweme lweMeditera. Inqanaba lokungena kwesiNgesi kumaYiputa amancinci liphezulu kakhulu, kwaye banenani eliqaphelekayo leetalente zobugcisa nezolawulo, kwaye ngaphezulu kwama-300,000 abafundi abaphumelele eyunivesithi bongezwa minyaka le.

Esesine sisityebi sendalo. I-Egypt inenani elikhulu lenkqantosi engaphuhliswanga ngamaxabiso asezantsi, kwaye iindawo ezingaphuhliswanga ezinje nge-Upper Egypt zide zibonelele ngomhlaba womzi mveliso simahla. Ukufunyanwa okutsha kweoyile kunye nemithombo yegesi yendalo iyaqhubeka.Emva kokuba intsimi yegesi iZuhar, eyona inkulu kulwandle lweMeditera, iqalile ukusebenza, i-Egypt iphinde yaqonda ukuthunyelwa kwerhasi yendalo. Ukongeza, inezinto ezininzi zezimbiwa ezifana ne-phosphate, i-iron ore, i-quartz ore, imarble, ilitye lekalika kunye ne-ore yegolide.

Okwesihlanu, imakethi yasekhaya igcwele izakhono. IJiphutha lilizwe lesithathu ngobukhulu kwezoqoqosho e-Afrika kwaye lilizwe lesithathu elinabantu abaninzi.Linolwazi olomeleleyo lokusebenzisa ilizwe kunye nentengiso enkulu yasekhaya. Kwangelo xesha, ulwakhiwo lokusetyenziswa luyachukunyiswa.Akukho kuphela inani elikhulu labantu abafumana imivuzo ephantsi kwinqanaba lokusetyenziswa kobomi, kodwa baninzi abantu abanengeniso ephezulu abangene kwinqanaba lokuzonwabisa ngokutya. NgokweNgxelo yoKhuphiswano lweHlabathi yezoQoqosho kwiHlabathi ye2019, i-Egypt ikwindawo yama-23 kwindawo "yesayizi yentengiso" phakathi kwamazwe ayi-141 akhuphisanayo kunye nemimandla emhlabeni, kwaye okokuqala kuMbindi Mpuma naseAfrika.

Okwesithandathu, sisiseko esigqibeleleyo. I-Egypt inendlela yothungelwano lweekhilomitha eziphantse zibe yi-180,000, ethi idibanise uninzi lwezixeko kunye neelali zelizwe.Ku-2018, indlela entsha yeemayile yayiyeekhilomitha ezingama-3000. Zili-10 izikhululo zeenqwelo moya zamazwe ngamazwe, kwaye iCairo Airport sesibini ngobukhulu e-Afrika. Inezibuko eli-15 lezorhwebo, iibherithi ezili-155, kunye nomthamo wokuphatha imithwalo ngonyaka weetoni ezingama-234 ezigidi. Ukongeza, inezigidi ezingaphezulu kwama-56.55 ezigidi zeekhilowathi (ngeyeSilimela yowama-2019) efake amandla okuphehla umbane, amandla okuvelisa amandla okuqala e-Afrika nakuMbindi Mpuma, kwaye iphumelele intsalela yamandla ebonakalayo kunye nokuthumela ngaphandle. Lilonke, iziseko zophuhliso zase-Egypt zijamelene neengxaki zakudala, kodwa ukuya kuthi ga e-Afrika iphela, isephelele. (Umthombo: iOfisi yoonozakuzaku yeRiphabhlikhi yaseArabhu yase-Egypt)
 
 
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