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Isoko ryo gupakira muri Afrika yepfo

Enlarged font  Narrow font Release date:2021-03-05  Browse number:396
Note: Kubera ko abaturage bo muri Afurika yepfo bakenera ibiryo bipfunyitse, iterambere ryihuse ry’isoko ripakira ibiribwa muri Afurika yepfo ryatejwe imbere, kandi iterambere ry’inganda zipakira muri Afurika yepfo ryatejwe imbere.

Ku mugabane wa Afurika yose, isoko ry’ibiribwa muri Afurika yepfo, umuyobozi w’inganda, ryateye imbere. Kubera ko abaturage bo muri Afurika yepfo bakenera ibiryo bipfunyitse, iterambere ryihuse ry’isoko ripakira ibiribwa muri Afurika yepfo ryatejwe imbere, kandi iterambere ry’inganda zipakira muri Afurika yepfo ryatejwe imbere.

Kugeza ubu, imbaraga zo kugura ibiribwa bipfunyitse muri Afurika yepfo ahanini biva mu cyiciro cyo hagati no hejuru cyo hejuru, mu gihe itsinda ryinjiza amafaranga make rigura imigati, ibikomoka ku mata n’amavuta n’ibindi biribwa by’ibanze. Nk’uko imibare ibigaragaza, 36% by’ibiribwa by’imiryango ikennye muri Afurika yepfo bikoreshwa mu binyampeke nk'ifu y'ibigori, umutsima n'umuceri, mu gihe imiryango yinjiza menshi ikoresha 17% gusa mu byo kurya.

Ubwiyongere bw’umubare w’icyiciro cyo hagati mu bihugu bya Afurika buhagarariwe na Afurika yepfo, icyifuzo cy’ibiribwa bipfunyitse muri Afurika nacyo kiriyongera, ibyo bikaba bituma iterambere ryihuta ry’isoko ryapakira ibiribwa muri Afurika kandi bigatuma iterambere ry’inganda zipakira muri Afurika.

Kugeza ubu, gukoresha imashini zitandukanye zipakira muri Afurika: ubwoko bwimashini ipakira biterwa nubwoko bwibicuruzwa. Amacupa ya plastike cyangwa amacupa yagutse akoreshwa mubipfunyika byamazi, imifuka ya polypropilene, ibikoresho bya pulasitike, ibikoresho byuma cyangwa amakarito bikoreshwa mubifu, amakarito cyangwa imifuka ya pulasitike cyangwa amakarito bikoreshwa mubintu bikomeye, imifuka ya pulasitike cyangwa amakarito bikoreshwa mubikoresho bya granulaire; amakarito, ingunguru cyangwa imifuka ya polypropilene bikoreshwa mubicuruzwa byinshi, naho ikirahuri gikoreshwa mubicuruzwa, plastiki, file, ikarito ya tetrahedral agasanduku cyangwa igikapu.

Urebye ku isoko ryo gupakira muri Afurika y'Epfo, inganda zipakira muri Afurika y'Epfo zageze ku iterambere mu myaka mike ishize hamwe no kwiyongera kw'ibiribwa by’abaguzi ndetse no gukenera amasoko ya nyuma nk'ibinyobwa, ubuvuzi bwite n'ibicuruzwa bikoreshwa mu bya farumasi. Isoko ryo gupakira muri Afurika y'Epfo ryageze kuri miliyari 6.6 z'amadolari ya Amerika mu 2013, aho impuzandengo y'ubwiyongere bw'umwaka buri mwaka ya 6.05%.

Guhindura imibereho yabantu, iterambere ryubukungu butumizwa mu mahanga, gushiraho uburyo bwo gutunganya ibicuruzwa biva mu mahanga, iterambere ry’ikoranabuhanga ndetse no kuva muri plastiki ukajya gupakira ibirahure bizaba ibintu byingenzi bigira ingaruka ku iterambere ry’inganda zipakira muri Afurika yepfo mu myaka mike iri imbere .

Mu mwaka wa 2012, inganda zose zapakiye muri Afurika y'Epfo zari miliyari 48.92 z'amafaranga y'u Rwanda, bingana na 1.5% by'umusaruro rusange wa Afurika y'Epfo. Nubwo uruganda rw ibirahure nimpapuro rwabyaye ibicuruzwa byinshi, plastike yagize uruhare runini, bingana na 47.7% byumusaruro winganda zose. Kugeza ubu, muri Afurika y'Epfo, plastike iracyari ubwoko bukoreshwa mu gupakira ibintu.

Ubukonje & amp; Sullivan, ikigo cy’ubushakashatsi ku isoko muri Afurika yepfo, yagize ati: kwagura umusaruro w’ibiribwa n’ibinyobwa biteganijwe ko bizamura ibyifuzo by’abaguzi ku bipfunyika bya pulasitike. Biteganijwe ko uziyongera kugera kuri miliyari 1.41 z'amadolari muri 2016. Byongeye kandi, kubera ko inganda zikoreshwa mu nganda zipakira plastike ziyongereye nyuma y’ihungabana ry’ubukungu ku isi, bizafasha isoko gukomeza gukenera ibicuruzwa bipfunyika.

Mu myaka itandatu ishize, ikoreshwa ry’ipakira rya pulasitike muri Afurika yepfo ryiyongereye kugera kuri 150%, ugereranije CAGR ya 8.7%. Afurika y'Epfo itumiza muri plastiki yiyongereyeho 40%. Impuguke zisesenguye, isoko ryo gupakira plastike muri Afurika yepfo rizatera imbere vuba mu myaka itanu iri imbere.

Raporo iheruka ya sosiyete ngishwanama ya PCI ivuga ko icyifuzo cyo gupakira ibintu byoroshye mu burasirazuba bwo hagati no muri Afurika kiziyongera hafi 5% buri mwaka. Mu myaka itanu iri imbere, izamuka ry'ubukungu bw'akarere rizashishikariza ishoramari ry’amahanga kandi ryite cyane ku bwiza bwo gutunganya ibiribwa. Muri byo, Afurika y'Epfo, Nijeriya na Egiputa n’amasoko manini y’abaguzi mu bihugu bya Afurika, naho Nijeriya ni isoko rikomeye cyane. Mu myaka itanu ishize, ibyifuzo byo gupakira byoroshye byiyongereyeho 12%.

Iterambere ryihuse ry’icyiciro cyo hagati, kwiyongera kw'ibiribwa bipfunyitse hamwe n'ishoramari ryiyongera mu nganda y'ibiribwa byatumye isoko ry'ibicuruzwa bipfunyika muri Afurika y'Epfo bitanga icyizere. Iterambere ry’inganda z’ibiribwa muri Afurika yepfo ntirishobora gusa gukenera ibicuruzwa bipakira ibiribwa muri Afurika yepfo gusa, ahubwo binagira uruhare mu kuzamuka kw’imashini zipakira ibiribwa muri Afurika yepfo.
 
 
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