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Mfundo 17 za kasamalidwe ka jekeseni wa nkhungu, ndi angati omwe amatha kudziwa?

Enlarged font  Narrow font Release date:2021-01-30  Browse number:414
Note: Kodi kupanga jekeseni akamaumba Kupanga ndi ntchito ya msonkhano ndi yosalala, kukwaniritsa "high quality, dzuwa mkulu ndi mowa wochepa"?

Chidule cha kasamalidwe ka jekeseni pamisonkhano

Jekeseni akamaumba ndi ntchito ya maola 24 mosalekeza, yogwiritsa ntchito zida zopangira pulasitiki, jakisoni, makina opangira jekeseni, zida zotumphukira, zida, zopopera, matani, zida zopangira ndi zida zothandizira, ndi zina zambiri, ndipo pali malo ambiri komanso magawano ovuta a ntchito . Kodi kupanga jekeseni akamaumba Kupanga ndi ntchito ya msonkhano ndi yosalala, kukwaniritsa "high quality, dzuwa mkulu ndi mowa wochepa"?

Ndi cholinga chomwe woyang'anira jakisoni aliyense amayembekezera kukwaniritsa. Ubwino wa kasamalidwe ka jekeseni kumakhudza mwachindunji kupanga kwa jekeseni, kuchuluka kwa zolakwika, kugwiritsa ntchito zinthu, ogwira ntchito, nthawi yobereka komanso mtengo wopangira. Kupanga jekeseni wa jekeseni makamaka kumayang'anira ndi kuwongolera. Ma manejala osiyanasiyana a jakisoni ali ndi malingaliro osiyanasiyana, masitaelo oyang'anira ndi njira zogwirira ntchito, ndipo maubwino omwe amabweretsa kubizinesi nawonso ndi osiyana, ngakhale osiyana ...



Dipatimenti akamaumba jekeseni ndi "kutsogolera" dipatimenti iliyonse ogwira ntchito. Ngati kasamalidwe ka dipatimenti ya jekeseni sikuchitika bwino, zingakhudze magwiridwe antchito m'mabizinesi onse, ndikupangitsa kuti nthawi yabwino / yobereka isakwaniritse zomwe makasitomala amafuna komanso mpikisano wa bizinesiyo.

Kuwongolera kwa msonkhano wa jekeseni makamaka kumaphatikizapo: kasamalidwe ka zopangira / toner / zida za nozzle, kasamalidwe ka chipinda chodulira, kasamalidwe ka chipinda chomenyera, kugwiritsa ntchito ndikuwongolera makina a jekeseni, kugwiritsa ntchito ndikuwongolera nkhungu za jekeseni Kugwiritsa ntchito ndikuwongolera zida, ndi ogwira ntchito Kuphunzitsa ndi kasamalidwe, kasamalidwe ka chitetezo, kasamalidwe kabwino ka pulasitiki, kasamalidwe kazinthu zothandizira, kukhazikitsa ntchito, malamulo ndi malangizo / kapangidwe ka udindo, kapangidwe kazitsanzo / zikalata, ndi zina zambiri.

1. Ogwira ntchito zasayansi komanso zomveka
Dipatimenti yowumba jekeseni ili ndi ntchito zosiyanasiyana, ndipo sayansi ndi zomveka malembedwe aantchito ayenera kukwaniritsa magawano ogwira ntchito ndi ntchito momveka bwino, ndikukwaniritsa udindo wa "chilichonse chikuyang'anira ndipo aliyense akuyang'anira". Chifukwa chake, dipatimenti yowumba jakisoni iyenera kukhala ndi dongosolo labwino, kugawa moyenera ogwira ntchito ndikukwaniritsa udindo wantchito iliyonse.

awiri. Kuwongolera chipinda chochezera
1. Pangani dongosolo la kasamalidwe ka chipinda chochezera ndi malangizo a ntchito yolimbana;

2. Zipangizo, ma toners, ndi osakanizira omwe ali mchipinda chomata ziziyikidwa m'malo osiyanasiyana;

3. Zopangira (zopangira madzi) ziyenera kugawidwa ndikuyika ndikuyika chizindikiro;

4. Toner iyenera kuyikidwa pa toner rack ndipo iyenera kulembedwa bwino (dzina la toner, nambala ya toner);

5. Wosakaniza ayenera kuwerengedwa / kudziwika, ndikugwiritsa ntchito, kuyeretsa ndi kukonza chosakanizira kuyenera kuchitidwa bwino;

6. Okonzeka ndi zida zotsukira chosakanizira (mfuti ya mpweya, madzi amoto, nsanza);

7. Zida zomwe zakonzedwa zimayenera kusindikizidwa kapena kumangirizidwa ndi makina osindikizira thumba, ndikulembedwa ndi pepala lozindikiritsa (zosonyeza: zopangira, nambala ya toner, makina ogwiritsira ntchito, tsiku lomenyera, dzina la mankhwala / nambala, ogwira ntchito, etc.;

8. Gwiritsani ntchito pophatikizira Kanban ndi chidziwitso cha zosakaniza, ndipo gwiritsani ntchito bwino kujambula zosakaniza;

9.Zinthu zoyera / zoyera zoyera zimayenera kusakanizidwa ndi chosakanizira chapadera ndikuwonetsetsa kuti chilengedwe chikhale choyera;

10. Phunzitsani ogwira ntchito pazidziwitso zamabizinesi, maudindo antchito ndi kasamalidwe;

3. Kusamalira chipinda chonyamulira
1. Pangani kayendetsedwe ka chipinda chodalira ndi malangizo a ntchito zazing'ono.

2. Zipangizo za nozzle zomwe zili mchipinda chodula zimayenera kugawidwa m'magulu awiri.

3. Zotulutsazo zimayenera kupatulidwa ndi magawano kuti zisawonongeke kuti zisatuluke ndikupangitsa kusokonezedwa.

4. Pambuyo pa chikwama chovundikiracho, chiyenera kusindikizidwa munthawi yake ndikulemba pepala lozindikiritsa (chosonyeza: dzina la zopangira, mtundu, nambala ya toner, tsiku la zidutswa ndi zopukutira, ndi zina zambiri.

5. crusher ayenera kuti manambala / kuzindikiridwa, ndi ntchito, kondomu ndi kukonza crusher ayenera kuchitidwa bwino.

6.Regularly cheke / kumangitsa zomangira chikukonzekera tsamba crusher.

7. Chowonekera / choyera / chowoneka choyera choyera chikufunika kuphwanyidwa ndi makina okhazikika (ndibwino kupatula chipinda chaphwanyaphwanya).

8.Pamene kusintha nozzle zakuthupi zinthu zosiyanasiyana kuti aphwanye, m'pofunika bwino kutsuka crusher ndi masamba ndi kusunga chilengedwe choyera.

9. Chitani ntchito yabwino yoteteza ntchito (valani zomangirira m'makutu, masks, masks amaso) ndi kasamalidwe ka chitetezo cha zopopera.

10. Chitani ntchito yabwino yophunzitsira bizinesi, maphunziro oyang'anira ntchito ndi kasamalidwe ka kasamalidwe ka ma scrapers.

4. Kuwongolera pamasamba a msonkhano wa jakisoni
1.Gwirani ntchito yabwino pakukonzekera ndi kugawa magawo a msonkhano wopangira jekeseni, ndikuwonetseratu momwe mayikidwe amathandizira pamakina, zida zowonekera, zopangira, nkhungu, zinthu zopakira, zinthu zoyenerera, zopanga zopanda pake, zida ndi zida, ndikuzizindikira bwino.

2. Makina ogwiritsira ntchito makina opangira jekeseni amafunika kupachika "khadi yodziwika bwino".

3. "5S" ntchito yoyang'anira pamalo opangira malo ochitira jekeseni.

4. Kupanga "mwadzidzidzi" kuyenera kufotokozera kutulutsa kamodzi, ndikupachika khadi ladzidzidzi.

5. Jambulani "mzere wodyetsera" mu mbiya yoyanika ndikuwonetsa nthawi yakudya.

6. Chitani ntchito yabwino pogwiritsira ntchito zopangira, kuwongolera kamphindi kamene kali pamakina ndikuwunika kuchuluka kwa zinyalala zomwe zili m'mphuno.

7. Chitani ntchito yabwino poyang'anira olondera panthawi yopanga, ndikuwonjezera kukhazikitsa malamulo osiyanasiyana (muziyenda mozungulira kasamalidwe ka nthawi) 8. Konzani moyenera ogwira ntchito pamakina, ndikulimbikitsanso kuyang'anira / kuyang'anira ntchito.

8. Chitani ntchito yabwino pakukweza anthu ndikupatsirani nthawi yakudya ku dipatimenti yowumba jakisoni.

9. Chitani ntchito yabwino pakutsuka, kondomu, kukonza ndi kuthana ndi zovuta zina pamakina / nkhungu.

10. Kuwongolera ndi kusamalira kusiyanasiyana kwa mtundu wa malonda ndi kuchuluka kwazopanga.

11. Kuyendera ndi kuwongolera njira zotsalira pambuyo pokonza ndi njira zopakira pamagawo a mphira.

12. Chitani ntchito yabwino pakuwunika zachitetezo ndikuchotsa zoopsa zomwe zingachitike pachitetezo.

13. Chitani ntchito yabwino pakuwunika, kukonzanso ndi kuyeretsa ma templates pamakina, makadi othandizira, malangizo othandizira ndi zida zina.

14. Limbikitsani kuyang'anitsitsa ndikuwunika momwe malipoti osiyanasiyana azidzazidwa komanso kanban.

5. Kuwongolera zopangira / utoto wa utoto / zida za nozzle
1. Kuyika, kulemba ndi kugawa kwa zopangira / utoto wa phulusa / zopangira nozzle.

2. Zolemba za zofunsira za zopangira / toner / zida za nozzle.

3. Zopangira zosatulutsa / toner / nozzle zimayenera kusindikizidwa munthawi yake.

4. Maphunziro pazinthu za pulasitiki ndi njira zodziwitsira zakuthupi.

5. Pangani malamulo okhudza kuchuluka kwa zinthu zam'mimbamo zomwe zawonjezedwa.

6. Pangani chosungira (toner rack) ndikugwiritsa ntchito malamulo a toner.

7. Pangani zikhalidwe zakumwa zakuthupi ndi zofunikira pakuwonjezeranso ntchito.

8. Nthawi zonse yang'anani zopangira / toner / zida za nozzle kuti mupewe kutayika kwa zinthu.


6. Kugwiritsa ntchito ndi kasamalidwe ka zida zotumphukira
Zipangizo zotumphukira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga jekeseni makamaka zimaphatikizapo: chowongolera kutentha kwa nkhungu, chosinthira pafupipafupi, chowongolera, makina oyamwa, makina olumikizira makina, chidebe, kuyanika mbiya (chowumitsira), ndi zina zambiri, zida zonse zotumphukira ziyenera kuchitidwa bwino Gwiritsani ntchito / kukonza / kasamalidwe ntchito akhoza kuonetsetsa ntchito yachibadwa yopanga jekeseni akamaumba. Zomwe zili muntchito ndi izi:

Zipangizo zamphepete ziyenera kuwerengedwa, kuzindikiritsidwa, kukhazikika, ndikuyika magawo.

Chitani ntchito yabwino pakugwiritsa ntchito, kukonza ndi kukonza zida zotumphukira.

Tumizani "Maupangiri Ogwira Ntchito" pazida zotumphukira.

Pangani malamulo pamagwiridwe antchito ndi kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka zida zotumphukira.

Chitani ntchito yabwino pakugwiritsa ntchito / kugwiritsa ntchito zida zankhondo zotumphukira.

Ngati zida zotumphukira zalephera ndipo sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito, "khadi yodziwitsa" imayenera kupachikidwa pazida, kudikirira kuti ikonzedwe.

Khazikitsani mndandanda wazida zotumphukira (dzina, mayendedwe, kuchuluka kwake).

7. Kugwiritsa ntchito ndikuwongolera mindandanda
Mindandanda yamasewera Tooling ndi zida singasiyanitsidwe makampani jekeseni akamaumba processing. Amakhala makamaka ndi zida zowongolera kusokonekera kwa zinthu, zida zapulasitiki zopanga mawonekedwe, zida zapulasitiki zoboola / zokulira ma bubu, ndi zokumbira. Kuti muwonetsetse kuti magawo azipangidwe za pulasitiki akuyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito, iyenera Kuyang'anira zonse (mindandanda), ntchito yayikulu ndi iyi:

Nambala, zindikirani ndi kugawa zida zopangira zida.

Kukonza pafupipafupi, kuwunika ndi kukonza makina.

Pangani "Malangizo Othandizira" pazowonjezera.

Chitani ntchito yabwino mukamagwiritsa ntchito / magwiridwe antchito.

Ntchito zachitetezo / kasamalidwe ka kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka zida zamagetsi (monga kuchuluka, kusanja, nthawi, cholinga, kusanja, ndi zina).

Lembani zojambulazo, pangani zokhazikitsira, ziikeni, ndikuchita ntchito yabwino yolandila / kujambula / kuwongolera.

8. Ntchito ndi kasamalidwe ka nkhungu jekeseni
Nkhungu ya jekeseni ndi chida chofunikira pakuwumba jekeseni. Mkhalidwe wa nkhungu umakhudza mwachindunji mtundu wa malonda, magwiridwe antchito, kagwiritsidwe ntchito kazinthu, makina makina ndi antchito ndi ziwonetsero zina. Ngati mukufuna kupanga bwino, muyenera kugwira ntchito yabwino pakugwiritsa ntchito, kukonza ndi kukonza nkhungu. Ndipo ntchito yoyang'anira, ntchito yake yayikulu ndi iyi:

Kudziwika (dzina ndi nambala) ya nkhungu kuyenera kukhala kowonekera (makamaka kodziwika ndi utoto).

Chitani ntchito yabwino pakuyesa nkhungu, pangani miyezo yolandirira nkhungu, ndikuwongolera mawonekedwe a nkhungu.

Pangani malamulo ogwiritsira ntchito, kukonza ndi kukonza nkhungu (onani "Buku la jekeseni, kapangidwe kake ndi kasungidwe kake").

Moyenera khazikitsani magawo otsegulira ndikutseka, chitetezo chotsika pang'ono ndi mphamvu yakugunda.

Khazikitsani mafayilo a nkhungu, chitani ntchito yabwino yopewera fumbi, kupewa dzimbiri, ndi kulembetsa kayendetsedwe ka fakitale.

Zomatira zapadera ziyenera kufotokoza momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito ndi momwe amagwirira ntchito (zikwangwani).

Gwiritsani ntchito zida zoyenera kufa (pangani ngolo zapadera).

Nkhungu imayenera kuikidwa pachikombole kapena pa bolodi.

Pangani mndandanda wa nkhungu (mndandanda) kapena ikani chikwangwani m'deralo.

zisanu ndi zinayi. Kugwiritsa ntchito ndikuwongolera kutsitsi
Opopera omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga jekeseni makamaka amaphatikizapo: wothandizila kumasula, dzimbiri, mafuta a thimble, chotsira chomata, chopangira nkhungu, ndi zina zambiri, zopopera zonse ziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndikuyendetsedwa bwino kuti zizigwira bwino ntchito yake. ndi awa:

Mtundu, magwiridwe antchito ndi cholinga cha utsiwo ziyenera kufotokozedwa.

Chitani ntchito yabwino yophunzitsira kuchuluka kwa utsi, njira zogwirira ntchito komanso momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito.

Utsi uyenera kuikidwa pamalo osankhidwa (mpweya wabwino, kutentha kozungulira, kupewa moto, ndi zina zambiri).

Pangani zolemba zotsatsira zotsalira ndi malamulo osungira mabotolo opanda kanthu (kuti mumve zambiri, chonde onani zomwe zili patsamba lotsatirali).

10. kasamalidwe ka chitetezo cha msonkhano wa jekeseni akamaumba
1. Pangani "Code Yotetezera Ogwira Ntchito ku Dipatimenti Yopanga Jekeseni" ndi "Khodi Yotetezera Ogwira Ntchito mu Jekeseni wa jekeseni".

2. Pangani malamulo okhudza kugwiritsa ntchito bwino makina opangira jakisoni, zopondereza, zoyeserera, zida zokhazokha, zolumikizira, zoumba, mipeni, mafani, cranes, mapampu, mfuti, ndi opopera.

3. Saina "Kalata Yoyang'anira Chitetezo cha Chitetezo" ndikukhazikitsa njira yachitetezo cha "yemwe ali ndiudindo, amene ali ndiudindo".

4. Kutsatira ndondomeko ya "chitetezo choyamba, kupewa koyamba", ndikulimbikitsa ntchito yophunzitsa ndi kulengeza zopanga bwino (kuyika mawu osunga chitetezo).

5. Pangani zikwangwani zachitetezo, limbikitsani kukhazikitsa njira zowunikira chitetezo ndi kasamalidwe ka chitetezo, ndikuchotsani ngozi zomwe zingachitike.

6. Chitani ntchito yabwino pakuphunzitsa chidziwitso pakupanga chitetezo ndikuwunika mayeso.

7. Chitani ntchito yabwino yopewa moto pamisonkhano yopangira jakisoni ndipo onetsetsani kuti njira yodalirika ndiyotsegulidwa.

8. Tumizani chithunzi chotetezeka pamoto wopangira jekeseni ndikuchita ntchito yolumikizana / kuyang'anira ndikuwongolera zida zankhondo (kuti mumve zambiri, onani buku "Safety Production Management in Injection Workshop").


11. Kusamalira mwachangu
Pangani zofunikira pamakina pazinthu "zachangu".

Limbikitsani kugwiritsa ntchito / kukonza kwa matumba "ofulumira" (nkhungu zovomerezeka ndizoletsedwa).

Konzekerani kupanga "mwachangu" pasadakhale.

Limbikitsani kuwongolera kwamachitidwe pakupanga "magawo ofulumira".

Pangani malamulo pakagwiritsidwe kadzidzidzi ka nkhungu, makina, ndi zovuta zina pakupanga "magawo ofulumira".

"Khadi lofulumira" limapachikidwa mundege, ndipo zotulutsa zake pa ola limodzi kapena kosinthana kamodzi zimanenedwa.

Chitani ntchito yabwino pozindikira, kusunga ndi kuyang'anira (kugawa) kwa zinthu "zachangu".

5. Kupanga "mwachangu" kuyenera kukhala koyambirira kwa aluso ndikugwiritsa ntchito kasinthasintha.

Chitani zinthu zothandiza kuti muchepetse nthawi ya jekeseni kuti muwonjezere zotuluka m'zigawo zofunikira.

Chitani ntchito yabwino pakuwunika ndikusintha pakupanga zinthu mwachangu.

12. Kusamalira zida / zowonjezera
Chitani ntchito yabwino kujambula kugwiritsa ntchito zida / zowonjezera.

Khazikitsani chida chogwiritsa ntchito chida (kulipidwa).

Zida / zowonjezera ziyenera kuwerengedwa pafupipafupi kuti tipeze kusiyana kwakanthawi.

Pangani malamulo oyang'anira posamutsa zida / zowonjezera.

Pangani chida chosungira zida / zowonjezera (zokhoma).

Zogwiritsa ntchito zimayenera "kugulitsidwa" ndikuwunika / kutsimikizira.

13. Kusamalira ma templates / zikalata
Chitani ntchito yabwino m'magulu, kuzindikira ndi kusunga ma templates / zikalata.

Chitani ntchito yabwino kujambula kugwiritsa ntchito ma templates / zikalata (makhadi oyeserera jakisoni, malangizo ogwira ntchito, malipoti).

Lembani mndandanda wazomwe mumalemba (mndandanda).

Chitani ntchito yabwino yodzaza "board board".

(7) jekeseni nkhungu bolodi

(8) Kanban wamagawo abwino ndi oyipa apulasitiki

(9) Kanban wazitsanzo zakuthupi

(10) Kanban board yolowera ndi kutuluka kwa zida za nozzle

(11) Pulasitiki Mbali Quality Control Kanban

(12) Kanban ya pulani ya kusintha kwa nkhungu

(13) Mbiri yopanga kanban


16.Kuwongolera kochulukirapo pakupanga jekeseni
Udindo woyang'anira kuchuluka:

A. Gwiritsani ntchito zidziwitso kuyankhula motsimikiza.

B. Magwiridwe antchito amadziwika ndipo ndizosavuta kuzindikira kasamalidwe kazasayansi.

C. Amathandizira kukulitsa lingaliro laudindo wa ogwira ntchito m'malo osiyanasiyana.

D. Itha kuyambitsa chidwi cha ogwira ntchito.

E. Itha kufananizidwa ndi zakale komanso zopangidwa mwasayansi zolinga zatsopano.

F. Ndikothandiza kusanthula chomwe chimayambitsa vutoli ndikupereka njira zowongolera.

1. Kuchita bwino kwa jekeseni (≥90%)

Kupanga nthawi yofanana

Yopanga Mwachangu = ———————— × 100%

Makina osinthira enieni

Chizindikirochi chikuwunika momwe ntchito ikuwongolera ndikuwongolera magwiridwe antchito, kuwonetsa luso ndi kukhazikika kwa kupanga.

2. Kugwiritsa ntchito zinthu zakuthupi (≥97%)

Kulemera kwathunthu kwa magawo apulasitiki

Zopangira mlingo ntchito = ————————— × 100%

Kulemera kwathunthu kwa zopangira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga

Chizindikiro ichi chikuwunika kutayika kwa zopangira pakupanga jekeseni ndikuwonetsa mtundu wa ntchito iliyonse komanso kuwongolera zopangira.

3. Kuyenerera kwa magawo a mphira (≥98%)

Kuyendera kwa IPQC OK kuchuluka kwa kuchuluka

Gulu ziyeneretso zamagulu a mphira =———————————— × 100%

Chiwerengero cha magulu omwe aperekedwa kuti akawunikidwe ndi dipatimenti yojambulira

Chizindikirochi chikuwunika mtundu wa nkhungu komanso kuchepa kwa magawo a mphira, kuwonetsa ntchito, magwiridwe antchito aukadaulo komanso kuwongolera kwabwino kwa ogwira ntchito m'madipatimenti osiyanasiyana.

4. Makina ogwiritsira ntchito makina (magwiritsidwe ake) (≥86%)

Nthawi yeniyeni yopanga makina opangira jekeseni

Mulingo wamagwiritsidwe Machine = ——————————— × 100%

Zopeka ziyenera kupangidwa

Chizindikiro ichi chimayesa nthawi yopumulira ya makina opanga jekeseni, ndikuwonetsa mtundu wa ntchito yokonza makina / nkhungu komanso ngati ntchito yoyang'anira ilipo.

5. Kusungira kwakanthawi kwa magawo a jekeseni (≥98.5%)

Chiwerengero cha jekeseni mbali kuumbidwa

Pa nthawi warehousing mlingo wa jekeseni kuumbidwa mbali = —————————— × 100%

Chiwerengero chonse chopanga

Chizindikirochi chikuwunika ndandanda yopangira jekeseni, kagwiridwe ka ntchito, magwiridwe antchito ndi kusunga nthawi kwa magawo apulasitiki, ndikuwonetsa momwe zinthu zikuyendera ndikupanga zotsatira zoyeserera.

6. Kukula kwa nkhungu (≤1%)

Chiwerengero cha amatha kuumba kupanga

Nkhungu kuwonongeka mlingo = —————————— × 100%

Chiwerengero cha amatha kuumba kupanga

Chizindikirochi chikuwunika ngati ntchito yogwiritsira ntchito nkhungu / kukonza ikupezeka, ndikuwonetsa ntchito, luso, komanso kuzindikira / kugwiritsa ntchito nkhungu kwa ogwira ntchito.

7. Nthawi yopanga yothandiza pachaka ya munthu aliyense (≥2800 maola / munthu.year)

Kupanga kwathunthu pachaka kofanana

Nthawi yogwira ntchito yapachaka ya munthu aliyense =——————————

Chiwerengero chapachaka cha anthu

Chizindikiro ichi awunika udindo kulamulira kwa malo makina mu msonkhano jekeseni akamaumba ndi kuonetsa zotsatira bwino la nkhungu ndi luso luso la jekeseni akamaumba IE.

8. Kuchedwa pakubereka (≤0.5%)

Chiwerengero cha magulu obwera mochedwa

Kuchedwa pakubereka =——————————— × 100%

Chiwerengero cha magulu operekedwa

Chizindikirochi chikuyesa kuchuluka kwa kuchedwa pakuperekera magawo apulasitiki, kuwonetsa kulumikizana kwa ntchito zamadipatimenti osiyanasiyana, zotsatira zakutsata kwa ndandanda yopanga, ndikugwirira ntchito ndi kasamalidwe ka dipatimenti yowumba jakisoni.

10.Up ndi pansi nthawi (ola / seti)

Mtundu waukulu: maola 1.5 Mtundu wapakatikati: 1.0 ola Mtundu wachitsanzo: Mphindi 45

Chizindikirochi chikuwunika ntchito ndi kuwumba kwa ogwira ntchito zaluso, ndikuwonetsa ngati ntchito yokonzekera isanachitike nkhungu komanso luso la omwe akusintha.

11. Ngozi zachitetezo (maulendo 0)

Chizindikirochi chimayesa kuchuluka kwa chitetezo pakupanga chitetezo cha ogwira ntchito pamalo aliwonse, komanso momwe maphunziro opangira chitetezo / kasamalidwe kachitetezo cha ogwira ntchito pamagawo onse ndi dipatimenti yowumba jekeseni, kuwonetsa kufunikira ndi kuwongolera kasamalidwe koyang'anira chitetezo ndi dipatimenti yoyang'anira.

Seveni. Zikalata ndi zida zofunika ku dipatimenti youmba jekeseni
1. "Opaleshoni Malangizo" ogwira ntchito makina opangira jekeseni.

2. Malangizo ogwiritsira ntchito makina opangira jekeseni.

3. Makhalidwe abwino a magawo opangira jekeseni.

4. Makhalidwe abwino a jekeseni.

5. Sinthani mawonekedwe amachitidwe a jakisoni.

6. Makina opanga jekeseni / jekeseni yosungira nkhungu.

7. Magawo olamulira magwiridwe antchito a magwiridwe antchito.

8. Mapepala ojambula pamakalata.

9. Makina opangira makina (monga: chitsimikiziro Chabwino chikwangwani, bolodi loyeserera, bolodi la utoto, mtundu wa malire olakwika, mtundu wamavuto, gawo losinthidwa, ndi zina zambiri).

10. Bokosi la masiteshoni ndi khadi yodziwika (kuphatikiza khadi ladzidzidzi).

 
 
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