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Kodi maubwino akulu azachuma ku Egypt m'zaka zaposachedwa ndi ati?

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Note: Egypt idalowa World Trade Organisation mu 1995 ndipo amatenga nawo mbali pamgwirizano wamayiko osiyanasiyana.

Zopindulitsa zachuma ku Egypt ndi izi:

Imodzi ndi mwayi wapadera wamalo. Egypt idutsa makontinenti awiri a Asia ndi Africa, moyang'anizana ndi Europe kuwoloka Nyanja ya Mediterranean kumpoto, ndikulumikiza kumadzulo kwa kontinenti ya Africa kumwera chakumadzulo. Suez Canal ndiye njira yolumikizira kutumiza ku Europe ndi Asia, ndipo mawonekedwe ake ndiofunikira kwambiri. Egypt ilinso ndi njira zonyamula ndi kuyendetsa ndege zolumikiza ku Europe, Asia, ndi Africa, komanso njira yolumikizira nthaka yolumikiza mayiko oyandikana ndi Africa, ndi mayendedwe abwino komanso malo apamwamba.

Lachiwiri ndilabwino kwambiri pamalonda apadziko lonse lapansi. Egypt idalowa World Trade Organisation mu 1995 ndipo amatenga nawo mbali pamgwirizano wamayiko osiyanasiyana. Pakadali pano, mgwirizano wamalonda am'magawo omwe alumikizidwa makamaka ndi awa: Mgwirizano Wothandizana ndi Egypt-EU, Greater Arab Free Trade Area Agreement, Mgwirizano Wogulitsa Ma Free African Area, (US, Egypt, Israel) Mgwirizano Woyenerera wa Industrial Area, East ndi South Africa Common Market , Mapangano azigawo za Egypt-Turkey Amalo ogulitsira aulere, ndi zina zambiri. Malinga ndi mapanganowa, zambiri pazogulitsa ku Egypt zimatumizidwa kumayiko omwe ali mgwirizanowu kuti akasangalale ndi mfundo zaulere zaulere.

Chachitatu ndi anthu okwanira. Kuyambira Meyi 2020, Egypt ili ndi anthu opitilira 100 miliyoni, ndikupangitsa kuti likhale dziko lokhala ndi anthu ambiri ku Middle East komanso dziko lachitatu lokhala ndi anthu ambiri ku Africa.Ili ndi anthu ochuluka ogwira ntchito. Anthu osakwana zaka 25 amawerengera 52.4 % (June 2017) ndipo ogwira ntchito ndi 28.95 miliyoni. (Disembala 2019). Ogwira ntchito otsika ku Egypt komanso ogwira ntchito zapamwamba amakhala limodzi, ndipo malipiro onse ndiopikisana kwambiri ku Middle East ndi m'mphepete mwa nyanja ya Mediterranean. Kuchuluka kwachingerezi kwa Aigupto achichepere ndikokwera, ndipo ali ndi maluso ambiri ophunzira ndiukadaulo, ndipo oposa 300,000 omaliza maphunziro ku yunivesite amawonjezeredwa chaka chilichonse.

Chachinayi ndi chuma chambiri. Egypt ili ndi malo ambiri opanda zomangidwa pamitengo yotsika, ndipo madera osatukuka monga Upper Egypt amaperekanso malo ogulitsa kwaulere. Zotulutsa zatsopano zamafuta ndi gasi wachilengedwe zikupitilira. Munda wa gasi wa Zuhar, waukulu kwambiri ku Mediterranean, utayamba kugwira ntchito, Egypt idazindikiranso kutumizidwa kwa gasi. Kuphatikiza apo, ili ndi mchere wambiri monga phosphate, iron iron, miyala ya quartz, marble, limestone, ndi ore wagolide.

Chachisanu, msika wapakhomo umadzaza ndi kuthekera. Egypt ndi chuma chachitatu kukula kwambiri ku Africa komanso dziko lachitatu lokhala ndi anthu ambiri. Nthawi yomweyo, kapangidwe kake kagwiritsidwe ntchito kamagawidwa kwambiri.Palibe anthu ambiri opeza ndalama zochepa panthawi yomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera, komanso anthu ambiri omwe amapeza ndalama zambiri omwe alowa munthawi yosangalala ndikumwa. Malinga ndi World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report 2019, Egypt ili pa 23 pa chizindikiro cha "kukula kwa msika" pakati pa mayiko 141 opikisana kwambiri ndi zigawo zapadziko lonse lapansi, ndipo koyamba ku Middle East ndi Africa.

Chachisanu ndi chimodzi, zomangamanga zokwanira. Egypt ili ndi misewu pafupifupi makilomita 180,000, yomwe imalumikiza mizinda ndi midzi yambiri mdzikolo.Mu 2018, mayendedwe atsopanowa anali makilomita 3000. Pali ma eyapoti 10 apadziko lonse lapansi, ndipo Cairo Airport ndiye ndege yachiwiri yayikulu kwambiri ku Africa. Ili ndi madoko 15 amalonda, malo 155, komanso katundu wonyamula katundu matani 234 miliyoni pachaka. Kuphatikiza apo, ili ndi ma kilowatts opitilira 56.55 miliyoni (Juni 2019) omwe adakhazikitsa mphamvu zopangira magetsi, omwe amapanga mphamvu zamagetsi amakhala oyamba ku Africa ndi Middle East, ndipo akwaniritsa zochulukirapo zamagetsi ndikutumiza kunja. Ponseponse, zomangamanga za Egypt zikukumana ndi mavuto akale, koma mpaka ku Africa konse, zidakwaniritsidwa. (Gwero: Ofesi ya Zachuma ndi Zamalonda ya Embassy ya Arab Republic of Egypt)
 
 
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