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Imakethe yokupakisha eNingizimu Afrika

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Note: Ngesidingo esandayo sabahlali baseNingizimu Afrika sokudla okuhlanganisiwe, ukukhula okuthe xaxa kwemakethe yokupakisha ukudla eNingizimu Afrika kukhuthaziwe, futhi nentuthuko yezimboni zokupakisha eNingizimu Afrika ithuthukisiwe.

Ezwenikazi lonke lase-Afrika, imakethe yezimboni yokudla yaseNingizimu Afrika, umholi wemboni, ithuthukiswa ngokuqhathaniswa. Ngesidingo esandayo sabahlali baseNingizimu Afrika sokudla okuhlanganisiwe, ukukhula okuthe xaxa kwemakethe yokupakisha ukudla eNingizimu Afrika kukhuthaziwe, futhi nentuthuko yezimboni zokupakisha eNingizimu Afrika ithuthukisiwe.

Njengamanje, amandla okuthenga kokudla okuhlanganisiwe eNingizimu Afrika avela kakhulu kwabaphakathi nabaphezulu, ngenkathi iqembu elihola kancane lithenga isinkwa, imikhiqizo yobisi kanye nowoyela nokunye ukudla okuyisisekelo. Ngokwedatha, ama-36% endleko yokudla yemindeni engenayo imali eningi eNingizimu Afrika isetshenziselwa okusanhlamvu okufana nofulawa wommbila, isinkwa nelayisi, kuyilapho imindeni ethola imali ephezulu isebenzisa kuphela u-17% wezindleko zokudla.

Ngokwanda kwesibalo samazwe aphakathi emazweni ase-Afrika amelwe yiNingizimu Afrika, isidingo sokudla okuhlanganisiwe e-Afrika siyakhula, okukhuthaza ukukhula okusheshayo kwemakethe yokupakisha ukudla e-Afrika futhi kuholele ekwakhiweni komkhakha wokupakisha e-Afrika.

Njengamanje, ukusetshenziswa kwemishini ehlukahlukene yokupakisha e-Afrika: uhlobo lomshini wokupakisha uncike ohlotsheni lwezimpahla. Amabhodlela epulasitiki noma amabhodlela omlomo asetshenziselwa ukupakisha uketshezi, izikhwama ze-polypropylene, iziqukathi zepulasitiki, iziqukathi zensimbi noma amabhokisi asetshenziselwa impuphu, amabhokisi noma izikhwama zepulasitiki noma amabhokisi asetshenziselwa okuqinile, izikhwama zepulasitiki noma amabhokisi asetshenziselwa izinto eziyimbudumbudu; amabhokisi, imigqomo noma izikhwama ze-polypropylene zisetshenziselwa izimpahla ezidayiswayo, futhi ingilazi isetshenziselwa izimpahla ezidayiswayo, ipulasitiki, ucwecwe, ibhokisi lamakhadibhodi we-tetrahedral noma isikhwama sephepha.

Ngokombono wemakethe yokupakisha eNingizimu Afrika, imboni yokupakisha eNingizimu Afrika izuze ukukhula kwamarekhodi eminyakeni embalwa eyedlule ngokwanda kokudla kwabathengi kanye nokufunwa kwezimakethe zokugcina njengeziphuzo, ukunakekelwa komuntu siqu nemikhiqizo yezemithi. Imakethe yokupakisha eNingizimu Afrika ifinyelele ku-US $ 6.6 billion ngonyaka wezi-2013, ngesilinganiso sonyaka sokukhula kwamakhemikhali ngonyaka esingu-6.05%.

Ukuguqulwa kwendlela yokuphila yabantu, ukuthuthukiswa komnotho wokungenisa, ukwakheka kwendlela yokuphinda isetshenziswe kabusha, inqubekela phambili yezobuchwepheshe kanye nokuguqulwa kusuka kupulasitiki kuya ekupakisheni ingilazi kuzoba yizici ezibalulekile ezithinta ukuthuthukiswa komkhakha wokupakisha eNingizimu Afrika eminyakeni embalwa ezayo .

Ngo-2012, inani eliphelele lemboni yokupakisha eNingizimu Afrika laliyizigidigidi ezingama-48.92 zamarandi, elibala u-1.5% we-GDP yaseNingizimu Afrika. Yize imboni yengilazi nephepha ikhiqize inani elikhulu kakhulu lokupakisha, ipulasitiki inikele kakhulu, kubalwa u-47.7% wenani lokukhishwa kuyo yonke imboni. Njengamanje, eNingizimu Afrika, ipulasitiki kuseyiloluhlobo lokupakisha oluthandwayo nolonga imali.

Isithwathwa & amp; USullivan, inkampani yocwaningo lwezimakethe eNingizimu Afrika, uthe: ukunwetshwa kokukhiqizwa kokudla neziphuzo kulindeleke ukuthi kukhulise ukufunwa kwabathengi kokupakishwa kwepulasitiki. Kulindeleke ukuthi inyuke ifike ku- $ 1.41 billion ngonyaka we-2016. Ngaphezu kwalokho, njengoba ukusetshenziswa kwezimboni kokufakwa kwepulasitiki kukhuphukile ngemuva kwenkinga yezomnotho emhlabeni, kuzosiza imakethe ukugcina isidingo sokupakishwa kwepulasitiki.

Eminyakeni eyisithupha edlule, izinga lokusetshenziswa kokufakwa kwepulasitiki eNingizimu Afrika lenyuke laya ku-150%, nge-CAGR emaphakathi engu-8.7%. Ukungeniswa kweSouth Africa kwamaplastikhi kukhuphuke ngama-40%. Ukuhlaziywa kochwepheshe, imakethe yokupakisha epulasitiki yaseNingizimu Afrika izokhula ngokushesha eminyakeni emihlanu ezayo.

Ngokombiko wakamuva wenkampani ebonisana ne-PCI, isidingo sokupakishwa okuguquguqukayo eMiddle East nase-Afrika sizokwenyuka cishe ngama-5% minyaka yonke. Eminyakeni emihlanu ezayo, ukukhula komnotho kwalesi sifunda kuzokhuthaza ukutshalwa kwezimali kwamanye amazwe futhi kunakwe kakhulu izinga lokulungiswa kokudla. Phakathi kwazo, iNingizimu Afrika, iNigeria neGibhithe yizimakethe ezinkulu kakhulu zabathengi emazweni ase-Afrika, kuyilapho iNigeria iyimakethe enamandla amakhulu. Eminyakeni emihlanu edlule, isidingo samaphakethe aguquguqukayo sikhuphuke cishe ngama-12%.

Ukukhula okusheshayo kwesigaba esiphakathi, isidingo esandayo sokudla okuhlanganisiwe kanye nokutshalwa kwemali okwandayo embonini yezokudla kwenze imakethe yemikhiqizo yokupakisha eNingizimu Afrika ithembisa. Ukuthuthukiswa komkhakha wokudla eNingizimu Afrika akugcini nje ngokuhambisa isidingo semikhiqizo yokupakisha ukudla eNingizimu Afrika, kepha futhi kukhuthaza ukukhula kokungenisa kwemishini yokupakisha ukudla eNingizimu Afrika.
 
 
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